Types of badminton string.

Approx. 9–10 meters of string are strung onto an average badminton racquet head - most of them with a string diameter between 0.60 and 0.70 mm (American gauge 22 / international gauge 2.5). Basically you can say:

  • thinner strings offer more repulsion power and better feel
  • thicker strings tear less quickly and offer more control on hard hits

But the playing characteristics of a badminton string are not only determined by its diameter. Material and construction also have a lot of influence. Ever more complex structures created from hi-tech materials are designed to meet different requirements and playing properties:

  • repulsion power
  • control
  • sensitive feel
  • shock absorption
  • tension maintenance
  • tear resistance

Badminton string construction.

A badminton strings usually consists of three basic components:

  • a core
  • a jacket
  • a coating

Besides their diameter/gauge and the materials used these three construction variables shape the character of a badminton string.

The core.

The core is the central load-bearing component of a badminton string. It provides stability and determines the majority of the string's "response" characteristics. There are two basic core types:

  • Monofilament cores (one single thick nylon fiber)
  • Multifilament cores (thousands of very thin fibers twisted and/or braided together)

Multifilament cores are less stiff and more resilient, than monofilament cores of the same material.

The jacket.

The jacket of the string provides resistance against abrasion as the main strings move back and forth against the cross strings and would quickly „saw“ through it. In multifilament cores, the jacket also holds the core filaments together.

Jackets may consist of different numbers and types of nylon fibers, which may be twisted or braided tighter or looser. They may also provide a texture to the surface of the string which translates into more grip („bite“) for better shuttle control.

The coating.

Finally strings are coated with either a phenolic resin which chemically bonds the monofilament core to the jacket or with a nylon resin coating which mechanically bonds all the different layers of multifilament fibers together. The finish also creates a smooth surface which is easy to string, and provides for longer life of the strings.

Hybrid stringing.

Hybrid stringing is a combination of different main and cross strings, e.g .:

  • different diameters of a string
  • different string types

A hybrid setup can improve the playability of a racquet by combining the advantages of different string types or diameters. YONEX´s hybrid set "Aerobite" e.g. is engineered for maximum control without sacrificing repulsion. Structured 0.67 mm main strings apply heavy spin for decisive cut smashes and a solid touch for hairpins that drop straight down. Polyurethane-coated 0.61 mm cross strings add repulsion power and feel.

But be careful combining different strings. Not every string combination that makes sense in theory delivers a harmonious feel in reality. In any case, the properties of your strings should support or complement the properties of your racquet - and not work against them.

Hybrid strings actually come from tennis, where the aim is to find the best possible combination of top spin potential and playing comfort.

Suppliers of badminton strings.

There is a huge number of badminton string suppliers around the world producing ever more complex structures from a variety of hi-tech materials. They offer hundreds of string models in several gauges (diameters).

For the stringster app, we have analyzed the most frequently used strings from the best-known brands for you in order to be able to interpret their sound correctly:

  • Yonex
  • Victor
  • Li-ning
  • Kizuna
  • Ashaway
  • Wilson
  • Apacs
  • Babolat
  • Fleet
  • Forza
  • Dunlop
  • Carlton
  • Gsen
  • Keepro
  • Oliver
  • Talbot Torro
  • Polyfibre
  • Adidas

Anything missing?

String suppliers who are not yet represented in the stringster app – or who are missing important string models or gauges – are welcome to send us sets of these strings. We will then also analyze them and include them in the stringster app.